second question: choosing priorities. you just... choose. if it turns out to be the wrong choice, you analyse the consequences and choose again... in other words you use the "tool" of the "seven words" to "discern" the desired outcome. in my mind, it's not as complex as the question itself makes it appear to be. where things do go wrong is if you are either too slow to react or become attached, worried or otherwise patholically trapped by the desire of a specific outcome (that did or did not happen)... and are unable to discern that fact about yourself, such that the attachment becomes the goal(s).